Human Biological Materials

What is it?
An information resource covering the material properties of bones, cartilage, dentin, enamel, ligaments, and tendons.
What is in it?
Tensile, compressive, flexural and general properties of the femur, tibia, vertebrae, acetabulum, humerus, and radius. with age and direction dependence. The latest release adds cartilage, dentin, enamel, ligaments and tendons.
What is it used for?
For FEA analysis and as a general information source.
Where does it come from?
Compiled and maintained by Granta Design—full reference sources are provided.
How can I access it?
Via the GRANTA MI materials information system as a standalone database that can be used alongside other medical data.

PDF Download PDF datasheet,  (1.3Mb) 


For orthopaedic device designers, the Human Biological Materials module is a unique resource of mechanical property data for specific bones, enabling fast access to data suitable for FEA and general reference. It is fully linked to original data sources for further investigation if required.

Simple web browser-based access to Human Biological Materials data

Simple web browser-based access to Human Biological Materials data — the graph shows age-dependence for a mechanical property (tensile strength) of femur compact bone

The data is acessible within the GRANTA MI materials information system, providing easy web browser-based access (pictured, above). Searching or browsing is simple and intuitive, allowing designers to quickly find the information that they need. Data can be viewed, queried, and applied as numbers, text, or graph and functional data (of particular value in representing complex mechanical properties).

Other medical data modules available in GRANTA MI include information on the materials used in orthopaedic and cardiovascular devices. All of this information can be accessed in the same environment, creating a single integrated source for data on biological and materials data. This saves time in data searches and facilitates the comparison of materials.

Once you have found the data that you need, properties can be exported in the standard formats required by a range of FEA packages, enabling its immediate use in simulation.

What data is included?

The Human Biological Materials Module is updated annually.

  • The first release included tensile, compressive, flexural and general properties of the femur, tibia, vertebrae and acetabulum with age and direction dependence.
  • The second release provides updates of the data for the existing bones and the addition of the humerus and radius.
  • The third release includes a significant update to the bone materials in the database and also includes the addition of cartilage, dentin, enamel, ligaments and tendons to the database.
  • The May 2014 release adds new data on blood vessels (arteries and veins), including both elastic and muscular arteries, as well as structures of the heart, including cardiac muscles and heart valves (aortic, bicuspid, pulmonary and tricuspid).

Full reference sources are provided as part of the data set.

With the Human Biological Materials data module you can:

  • Understand the effects of patient age on your device design
  • Support simulation with accurate property data from a traceable source
  • Ensure that consistent data is used across your design team
  • Access the data that you need within your familiar browser—there is no need to install software on your PC
  • Compare with in-house data and data from other sources, all within a single environment