White paper on the use of CES EduPack
|"…it enabled […] non-engineering, visually oriented students to get a 'feel' for material properties. Furthermore, they used the software to make materials and process choices suitable for their projects."
Dr Dick Groot, U. Pretoria, South Africa
Granta's Teaching Resources Team have been asking educators around the world how they actually use CES EduPack in their teaching.The result is a white paper on 'The use of CES EduPack at all levels in higher education' is. Hear, in their own words, how 20 educators use CES EduPack across all years of study in Design, Engineering, and Science.
Where are Granta's resources used?
At 1,000+ universities and colleges worldwide! See the listings:
What customers say
"The course has received three awards for 'Best Bachelor Course' from students over a fiveyear period. CES EduPack contributes to this."
Dr Erik Tempelman
"[General objectives are for] students to have an appreciation of materials properties... and to discuss how to identify materials for an application based on the properties indentified. EduPack supports this."
Dr Claire Davis
"The survey completed by 171 students shows that 91% say the software is applicable to this course... 81% would like to learn more about it."
Dr Jacqueline Morkel
"The ability that the software affords to explore issues of resource consumption associated with materials manufacture and use has enabled me to... integrate a lifelong interest in sustainability into my professional activities."
Prof Mark DeGuire
Below is a selection of customer comments and reports, divided into the following sections:
- Use from first to final year, and beyond
- Use to teach different subjects
- Engaging and developing students
- Project-based teaching
- Developing a materials perspective
- Widening access with campus and enrollment licenses
- Ease of use and interactivity
The range of CES EduPack
Professor Lyle H. Schwartz, former Director of Air Force Office of Scientific Research, writing in JOM: "If you've never taken the time to do so, make a visit to www.grantadesign.com/education/ and find the enormous array of materials education 'stuff' that will amaze and delight you Nurtured by the continuing genius and energy of Mike Ashby, Granta and the educational resources it provides have been used by universities world wide." Read the full article on the JOM website
Dr Claire Davis, University of Birmingham spoke at the First International CES EduPack Symposium in 2009 and discussed how CES EduPack had been successfully introduced within large-class first year teaching across Engineering. Full report
CES Selector for advanced teaching and research at Kitami Institute of Technology
Dr Sharif Ullah, A.M.M., Kitami Institute of Technology describes how he has used CES Selector for advancated teachign and research, and links to several research papers. "We highly recommend that our colleagues in academia and industry take full advantage of CES Selector. "Full report
Dr Steve Garner, Course Team Chair, Design and Designing (T211), Open University, UK, "We enrol about 400 students each year and these possess a great variety of abilities, including some who are new to using computer-based learning resources (in some cases, even new to using computers). The students have found CES to be a robust and helpful part of our teaching. The tutors seem to be very impressed with the quality of information available and the fact that each page is very visual and approachable—vital to teaching at this novice undergraduate level. It seems well suited to the style of independent study required on OU courses. I have written a number of tutorials into our course that require students to demonstrate their growing ability to exploit the CES. Their acquired skills and knowledge with materials and processes also contribute to the end-of-course design project and so the CES has become a key component throughout the course. It's my opinion that the CES is an excellent resource for design education and I'm very happy to continue integrating it into course work at the Open University."
Professor Jacques Courcy, University du Havre, France CES was introduced at the University du Havre to analyze industrial projects such as designing landing gear for a light airplane. Professor Courcy says “I am very happy with the software and especially with the new ideas developed by Professor Ashby. I am using CES EduPack to teach a Postgraduate course in composite materials. The students find these new ideas very interesting and stimulating.”
Bernard Gilabert and Jean-Claude Tachoire, Lycee Louis Rascol, Albi—students studying for the BTS qualification currently use CES EduPack. The software supports teaching of material and process selection during the STS CPI and IPM courses in industrial product design. Specifically, it enables an industrial project at the end of the course in which students analyze a product that is under development. The software helps students to find the information that they need and to analyze product functionality against technical and economic constraints. Its key advantages are the rich and comprehensive database and the links that it makes between information on processes and related information on materials. Examples make it easier to study the different fields in which materials are used, while the illustrations provide essential knowledge on processes. The graphical tools for materials selection help to structure students’ thinking. Information on commercial designations, producers, and equivalences helps to resolve real design problems. Professor Ashby’s book helps teachers to exploit the database and the software as fully as possible.
Professor Jacques-Eric Bidaux, HEV—Haute Ecole Valaisanne, Switzerland "I have been impressed by the new version of the CES EduPack. Having different levels 1,2 and 3 was a very good idea"
L. Thilly, Maître de Conférences, Université de Poitiers, France "We asked a group of students on our Postgraduate course on engineering materials to evaluate the CES software against three educational objectives. The first was to make students aware of the difficult problem of material selection, given the sheer number of available materials, and to assess how the methodology developed by Professor Ashby (performance indices, Ashby charts) enables us to solve this problem. The second was to give students the opportunity to master CES, an innovative and first-class tool, which is essential in the field of engineering materials. The third aim was to ensure that the experience was not lost by asking the students to write a simplified user manual and a series of exercises for future students. All these objectives were fulfilled. The students were helped by the very high quality documents supplied by Granta… The students' report highlighted the great interest in the software not only as a reference database but also as a indispensable industrial tool for selection of engineering materials."
Professor Paul Predecki, University of Denver, USA, Engineering Department "The CES package is used in an introductory Materials Science course: ENME 2410, Materials Science I, which is taught to all 3rd year Mechanical Engineering students and a few Physics students… The students really like the package as do I. " Read Professor Predecki's full report
Dr Hugh Shercliff, University of Cambridge spoke at the First International CES EduPack Symposium in 2009. He showed how the property charts in CES EduPack, originally developed to aid materials selection, can be used to teach engineers about materials processing and its use in the control of properties. Full report
Chris Lefteri, Product Design, Central Saint Martins College of Art and Design, UK "This software works on all levels, with a language and distribution of information that suits first year degree students to highly qualified designers and engineers. It not only provides hardcore facts and details on materials, but also on the simple detail of providing images of contemporary products, which exploit the specific material properties. The software allows these design students not to be swamped with an information overload, while at the same time giving experienced designers a more thorough technical knowledge and a higher level of data. This is one of the many features which sets it apart from other material resources which can be difficult to access on the most appropriate level. The multi-layered information combined with the use of design references helps to ground the materials in a living and breathing context."
Fred Veer, Technical Univerity of Delft, Netherlands—The Faculty of Architecture at the TU Delft has recently introduced the software package CES from Granta in its masters education. Starting from February (2007) the package will also be used for all freshmen’s materials science courses at this faculty.
Dr Veer also spoke at the First International CES EduPack Symposium in 2009. Full report
Professor Dana Elzey, University of Virginia, USA, School of Engineering and Applied Science "CES EduPack has been incorporated into the curriculum of ME339 which is taught to third year engineering undergraduates, and into the third year Aerospace Engineering option AE439. We use the CES selection software both in the form of case studies, emphasizing a particular aspect of material behavior, and as an aid in performance of term projects requiring a Design study."
Ian Wilson, University of Cambridge—Final year students in the Department of Chemical Engineering at Cambridge have been using CES/EcoSelector as part of their Product Design activity. In Product Design, the students are charged with identifying products to solve particular market needs, and come up with a range of potential solutions—which may be different molecules, formulations (recipes), devices or manufacturing processes. With carbon footprinting and green labelling appearing on more and more products in the market (and particularly supermarkets), EcoSelector offers a method for qauntifying CO2 impact which can be used in the comparsion and selection of solutions.
Professor John R. Abelson, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign—Seniors and graduate students from many engineering backgrounds used Mike Ashby's new textbook (Materials and the Environment) to guide their analysis of the role of materials in terms of embodied energy, CO2 footprint, and sustainability criteria. We supplemented the book with the CES EduPack Eco Edition, and detailed examples of materials selection methods. The combination put into the hands of the students what they needed—a systematic understanding of the issues, coupled with quantitative methods to select materials that simultaneously meet engineering requirements and reduce the environmental burden.
Students recommend it
Professor Yves Brechet, INP Grenoble, writing in Advanced Engineering Materials: "Seeing first year students coming to your office to ask to be taught in materials selection because last year's student told them how much they were excited by their project is a reward than no educator can undervalue!" Read the full article
Professor Stephen H. Carr, Northwestern University, USA "CES EduPack is used extensively at Northwestern in undergraduate service courses, upper class electives, and professional masters programs. The reason for this widespread implementation is that this software is simply the best available for making complex decisions among a large array of possible materials. CES engages students in rigorous analyses of desired functions, and shows them how multiple materials properties combine to provide the needed performance. CES allows students to engage in materials selection activities in cases where this performance involves, for example, electrical, mechanical, and economic considerations."
M. Collignon, Inspecteur d'Académie, Académie de Rouen, France "There are many advantages to CES EduPack for the students and the teachers. First, they can now perform material and process selections, which they could not do before. The CES software is also very educational and encourages students to think. In some cases the constraints on the materials are not the only thing to think about, the process or the shape could be the most limiting factors and it is important to be able to integrate these factors in the selection."
Professor Abdelrahman Rabie of the College of Integrated Science and Technology (ISAT) at James Madison University applies CES EduPack to support an innovative interdisciplinary program that incorporates engineering, energy, biotech, environmental studies, information management, telecoms, and GIS. In support of the course, each student is given a copy of the software to use on their own computer. Such access to innovative teaching tools, together with way in which the course was taught, has made the course a popular choice, with students enrolling from Industrial Arts and from the Chemistry department. Read the full report
Dr.-Ing. Michael Schmidt-Kretschmer at the Technical University in Berlin: "The Engineering Design and Methodology Division has incorporated CES EduPack into its Reverse Engineering course, receiving a very positive response from the students. In this course a range of different products are analyzed and the potential for improving their design is studied. Materials selection plays a critical role in this process. The CES EduPack was applied directly by students, without any prior knowledge of the program. Their understanding of materials property charts was enhanced, as was basic comprehension of materials selection." Full report in German
Professor Dr. Ralph Spolenak at ETH, Zurich: "In the Summer Semester 2006 the CES EduPack was first distributed to materials science students at the ETH Zürich. It was a remarkable success. Not only did the students begin to solve material selection examples unprompted, they also, independent of these excercises, researched new materials. The in-depth background science in the CES EduPack was particularly useful, as it enabled students to refer to the theoretical foundations of a property directly within the program. This contributed greatly to the learning process. The illustrations and explanations of technical and general materials applications are exemplary. This helped to communicate the wider role of materials to the students. In conclusion, I can wholeheartedly recommend the use of this software in materials science or mechanical engineering courses." Full report in German
Prof. Junghyun Cho, State University of New York, USA, "The software is used by junior students in Mechanical Engineering at the State University of New York at Binghampton. Students love it and told me that it makes the course more appealing. I believe this is because the software has a design component that I can teach and that students can then implement for actual applications. Students always get excited when the topics they learn can be applied to real life."
John Metcalf, Materials Engineering, Sheffield Hallam University, UK, "A colleague and I are responsible for teaching a Materials and Process Selection module to a large group of second year Engineering Design undergraduate students. This module would be impossible to deliver effectively without CES. Within a few sessions the students begin to get the hang of the CES suite of software and start to produce outstanding work. It's a joy to watch them when I see the penny drop as they realise what a powerful design tool CES is. For most of them this is the first time they make the connections between the materials universe, the process universe and the manufacture real products, products that that they will soon be designing in industry. For me, the assessment burden is reduced by the adoption of the varied and many examples of supplied case studies. As a relatively new lecturer the CES package has made my teaching life that little bit more enjoyable and dare I say easier!
California Polytechnic State University—"We (BL, KC, RS) have already piloted the limited use of the CES software in 210. It is very popular with students, particularly mechanical engineering, as it provides a vast, easy-to-access database of materials. Even students who have not taken 210 regularly come to our department and request to purchase a copy of the software."
Quote from National Science Foundation Grant#EEC-0530760
PI: L. Vanasupa, co-PIs: K.C. Chen, B. London, R. Savage
University of Southern California: At USC we adapted CES EduPack for our core Materials Science in the AME undergraduate curriculum. The design-led approach in combination with the software enables us to teach our students materials science in a way that appeals to Mechanical Engineering undergraduates, while providing them with valuable insights in the physics behind the design limiting properties. CES EduPack is another essential tool for our students on their way to the capstone class, the senior design project where the software will be used in conjunction with other other design tools to design a product.
Dr Eddie Norman, University of Loughborough spoke at the First International CES EduPack Symposium in 2009. He described how the visual nature of EduPack, with its product pictures and descriptions at Level 1 and 2 and the clarity of materials property charts, when combined with its quantitative analysis of performance against design constraints and objectives, make it ideal for supporting project work in design courses. Full report
Prof. Trevor Harding, Kettering University, MI, USA, CES is used in a Materials and Process selection course. At Kettering, every student must participate in an industrial co-op experience from the freshmen through senior years, offering a realistic impression of how industry handles product design and manufacturing. The material and process selection course is an elective for senior engineering students. Students seem to truly enjoy working through complex design projects within the software. In particular, students are blown away by the ability to model production costs, and actually go to great lengths to investigate the influence of numbers of shifts, automation of equipment, labor costs, etc. Read Professor Harding's full report
David Browne, University College Dublin, Ireland, Mechanical Engineering Department, calls CES EduPack "the best available computer-aided assistance in the world". CES EduPack "uses an ingenious graphical method to ensure that the best possible choices of material are made for any engineering application". Students used EduPack to select materials for a racing car.
Professor Yves Brechet, Institut National Polytechnique de Grenoble, France Professor Brechet reports that the teaching of Materials and Process Selection at Grenoble’s INP makes extensive use of CES EduPack. One type of project-based course involves about 60 students from Materials Science, Mechanics and Physics. Course material is introduced in lectures, tutorials on CES and specialized software, and seminars from industry. The students, organized in groups of three (drawn where possible from different backgrounds), are given industry-derived projects related to materials and process selection. The projects occupy one day a week for 15 weeks, and are supervised by a university staff member and an engineer from the industry from which the project originated. Over five years, more than a hundred such projects have been carried out, involving industries ranging from small to very large. More than 80% of the projects used CES. A number of other schools in France have either linked with the Grenoble program or instituted similar programs of their own. These include: l'Ecole des Mines de St. Etienne, l'INSA de Lyon, l'Université de Montpellier, l'Ecole des Mines de Nancy, l'Ecole de Chimie de Bordeaux, l'Ecole Centrale de Paris and l'Université de Poitiers.
Prof Brechet described his work with EduPack at the First International CES EduPack Symposium in 2009. Full report
Professor John Ritter, University of Massachusetts, USA "We use the CES EduPack software both in the form of case studies and as an aid in projects requiring a design study.” Mechanical Engineering Seniors at the University of Massachusetts do not design and build mere widgets for their senior projects, but prototypes of real products for real people who desperately need them Professor Ritter says, "Students thrive on the program that is completely independent from start to finish. They are absorbed in the analysis and design process where CES software is employed to identify the best material, process and overall cost of the finished product. The final stage of the project involves constructing a prototype, testing it in the field with the client, and then making any necessary modifications."
Professor Rajiv Mishra, Missouri University of Science and Technology—"The software will be used for materials selection for hydrokinetic energy systems. Hydrokinetic energy systems generate energy from flowing water in rivers. Missouri S&T has started a project to develop prototypes of 1-10 kWh systems for rivers in Missouri. The alternative energy systems need to be cost-effective and reliable. Analysis of alternative materials and processes will be done using the software. Missouri S&T has used friction stir processing to alter properties of metallic materials and for localized microstructural modification. The properties and performance of friction stirred materials will be compared with the materials in CES databases."
David Dornfeld, Director, Laboratory for Manufacturing and Sustainability, U. of California, Berkeley "We are, in my lab, using this software... because it is one of those products that is very useful and enables us to do things we otherwise would not be able to do." Read his blog entry entitled "less is more" to find out more about how Ashby methods and the CES EduPack software are helping his lab, and his students, to answer engineering challenges. This is especially so in the area of sustainability, where "linking... to material properties, then to the design or production requirements, lets [them] chose the best, least impactful, material." more
Richard Griffin, Texas A&M, USA "I like the quantity of data and the large number of materials available. Students can get an intuitive feel for the range of materials properties that different materials exhibit. The ease with which properties can be multiplied or divided makes it exceptionally nice to examine combinations of properties and see, from the plots, how the materials vary and their ranges."
Professor Gérard Marot, IUT Cachan, France "The case studies provided were very helpful in putting a course in place very quickly. My colleagues in Mechanical Engineering are now benefiting from a much wider range of materials. The graphical demonstrations of the relationships between the material properties seems very important to me and the case studies are very substantial and reflect real life.”
Professor Norman Fleck, Cambridge University, UK, Department of Engineering "We have completely reorganized our Materials courses for Engineering students in Cambridge. Instead of beginning in the old way with crystals and dislocations, we now start our first year students with materials selection for design. What is the best material for the forks of a bicycle? .. and so on. This relates the basic structures and mechanics to material properties. Having illustrated the characteristics and uses of the main classes of materials in this way, we then spend the next two years investigating the science behind their properties. This makes the materials science much more relevant, and integrates our materials courses with design teaching. We use CES to illustrate the selection process, for student exercises and design projects throughout the four year MEng course, and for graduate courses as well." More on this teaching approach
Professor Yoshio Monma, Kochi University of Technology, Japan Professor Monma is an enthusiastic user of CES EduPack. "Ashby charts for deformation and fracture mechanism of various materials is one of the favorite topics we cover in the Materials Design course at the KUT. The CES EduPack software gives students a perspective view of materials properties based on modern materials science."
Professor Bernd Oertel, Fachhochschule Schmalkalden, Germany: "I am not aware of any comparable software programs. I find both the software program and Ashby methods excellent, as I'm able to compare virtually all materials properties from every material group. This can in many cases lead to innovation through the optimal application of a material." Full report in German
Professor Jim Yedinak, Art Institute of Pittsburgh, USA, "Here at the Art Institute of Pittsburgh's Industrial Design Program, we strive to have our graduates leave with a portfolio that is grounded in the real world, not a collection of conceptual projects. Understanding the needs of production engineers and manufacturers allows our graduates to 'flex their muscles' as designers, and a thorough understanding of materials and processes is key. With >3,000 manufacturing materials and corresponding processes to choose from, students need an efficient tool that allows them access to structured data that guides their selection of materials for their designs, and CES EduPack provides them that tool."
From: Javier Orozco, Universidad Politecnica de Valencia, Spain, Application and processing of new materials, February 2009
Industry requires efficient selection and handling of materials. Most students get lost in the science underlying properties, as taught in the traditional approach to materials applications. Granta’s implementation of Professor Ashby’s methodology allows a fresh look into the real world of materials that intuitively guides the student towards grasping the essence of materials. The specific databases enable selection of materials/process solutions to industrial problems and provide an insight into materials fundamentals.
Campus-wide and enrollment licenses allow the widest possible access to CES EduPack, including installation on students' own personal computers. More information on licensing options
by Madeleine Du Toit, Head of the Department of Materials Science and Metallurgical Engineering at the University of Pretoria, South Africa "A second five-year campus wide license for CES EduPack was recently purchased by the Faculty of Engineering, Built Environment and Information Technology of the University of Pretoria. The software has successfully been in use for about seven years, mainly in undergraduate teaching. It is presently intensively used in the BSc Interior Architecture curriculum, as well as in a first-year module in Materials Science that is offered to most students in the School of Engineering. Post-graduate students in Architecture, Interior Architecture and Landscape Architecture are now also introduced to CES EduPack to better equip them in materials and process selection. The strong emphasis that is presently being placed on environmentally responsible materials selection and -usage is a potent driver for the use of this software. CES EduPack has powerful tools as well as supporting data for making environmentally informed choices of materials and processes.
"The flexibility of the CES EduPack software is a very attractive feature. For instance, the ability to start with a design, breaking it down into generic shape elements, and then seeing which manufacturing processes are suitable for producing such shapes is a very useful tool for a designer. From the process, materials compatible with such a process can be selected. This knowledge is not often available to designers, so that this software allows them to tailor their designs to manufacturing and material constraints."
Dr Stuart Barnes, Director of Professional Programmes at the University of Warwick notes that the university extended its campus-wide license to support teaching in an MSc in Engineering Business Management, delivered in collaboration with the Singapore Institute of Manufacturing Technology and the Singapore Institute of Management. Dr Barnes comments "All of the participants on the programme are studying part-time and employed in various companies in Singapore (these range from aerospace to electrical component manufacturers). CES gave them a new way of looking at the materials selection and they were able to apply this to real-life examples from within their company. CES certainly improved the educational experience for them."
Dr Hua-Xin Peng, University of Bristol, UK "In 2005, as part of a learning and teaching development initiative at the University of Bristol, we evaluated the CES EduPack Design and Aerospace Editions in the Aerospace Engineering Department of Faculty of Engineering. The feedback from students and lecturers at the end of the academic year 2005-6 was extremely positive, with comments including:
- I have found the software to be highly informative as a research tool
- The software is very/extremely useful and made the understanding of material selection to be a quick and easy process
- Easy to use and it gives information that is very easy to comprehend quickly
- I like the way the data is presented—very clear
- Very good when used in conjunction with the lecture notes.
As a result, it has been decided to extend the use of the CES EduPack across other departments through a Faculty License."
The license at the University of Bristol's Faculty of Engineering uses Granta's Campus-wide license scheme. More on Campus-wide licensing
Prof Rajesh Bhaskaran, Cornell University, USA, Sibley School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering "The enrollment license works well for us because it allows our students to run CES on their own computers while they are at Cornell. Anecdotal evidence suggests that students really appreciate having the software on their personal machines since this makes it convenient for them to access the software."
Professor Stephen Kampe, Virginia Polytechnic Institute, USA CES EduPack has been made available to home-based students, studying the Materials Selection and Design 2nd Year course. Professor Kampe reports that students in locations from New Mexico to Florida each uses the EduPack software on their own PC to help develop an understanding of the relationships between materials properties and design, and to help them complete their course work.
Professor Peter Goodhew, University of Liverpool, writing in Materials World: "A very powerful piece of educational software. There are so many aspects of CES that are both intuitive and delightful..." Read the full article (PDF)
Dr Xiang Li, Materials Science and Engineering Department, Zhejiang University, P.R.China "...as the lecturer of this course, I personally feel that the teaching resources offered on CES EduPack 2011 website have been really supportive for my lecture preparation and students guidance. The case study samples have really offered an effective approach for training the practical materials designing skills for our students to better suit our current blooming manufacturing industry here in China." Read full report
Dr Ikechukwuka Oguocha, University of Saskatchewan, Canada, Mechanical Engineering Department: "My students found CES EduPack friendly to use. The new interface is very simple for one to get running. After two demos, it was quite easy for them to use CES to do a simple materials selection project."
Professor Richard Haber, Rutgers University, USA, Department of Materials Science and Engineering: "I have used CES Edupack for seven years in my Senior Level Engineering Design course. The software is a great resource for the students who are being exposed to materials selection, allowing them to select from the vast majority of commercially available materials in designing products. The software is simple to navigate and students become proficient in a matter of a lecture or two. This software has eliminated the need to have the students purchase expensive reference texts that typically are seldom used after they graduate."
Dr Carlos H. Cáceres, University of Queensland, Australia, Department of Mining, Minerals and Materials Engineering "We have been using CES EduPack, and the students really appreciate the interactive approach. The latest version of CES includes features which considerably shorten the time required to do our analyses and enable many more materials to be compared. Thanks to this I have been able to increase the number of questions solved during the semester. For certain cases the software can also produce a sorted list of performance indices, so we don't need to do any calculations. The students love this!"
Gerald Rebitzer, Technical University Berlin, Germany "The main applications are identifying materials for a certain engineering design, as well as getting a fast overview of the capabilities of corresponding manufacturing processes. CES enables the user to find materials and processes based on engineering design specifications very efficiently. The old way of searching through multiple handbooks and databases was very labor intensive, but with CES you can see all possible options in a matter of seconds. Also, for the 'non-materials' design engineer it is very helpful to have comparative material and process properties for all material groups on hand."